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Electrical Electronic Research ideas suitable for BS and MS students

Electrical Electronic Research ideas for Engineering students

electrical & electronic research1) Advanced Driver Steering Wheel Analyzer

Good driving practice requires the correct use of the steering wheel. For instance, there should always be one hand on the wheel, in normal driving the hands should be at the ‘10to2’ position and the hands shouldn’t cross over when turning a corner. This electrical  electronic research project will consider developing a sensor system that can monitor the position of the steering wheel and the position of the hands upon it. The information should be recorded in a ‘data-logger’ for post-drive analysis – to assist drivers training for their ‘advanced drivers’ certificate. The system will require use of touch sensors around the wheel for hand position plus some form of encoding to measure wheel position. The data is to be collected using a microcontroller and then made available for processing on a PC to display any faults over a test drive.

2) Leaflet Delivery Data logger

Leaflet advertising provided a low-cost targeted advertising medium for many small local businesses. However a major weakness in this is the reliability of the leaflet distribution – with dishonest workers dumping leaflets or posting more than one leaflet per household. This aim of this electrical electronic research project is to design and build a simple low-cost data logger that will provide a means of measuring and reporting the leaflet distribution. It should record position against time, mapping the route taken plus measurement of number of leaflets (possibly by weight). This needs to be low cost so a battery powered microcontroller based solution is likely. Position could be provided by a GPS input but cheaper alternative should also be considered.

 3) Auto Leveling Conformal Head Lamps

Recent years has seen the adoption of High Brightness LEDs as vehicle lighting. The largest lamp is still the headlamp, using ‘conventional’ bulb technology that uses a reflector to generate a dipped beam / full beam. As such this takes up an unnecessarily large volume inside the vehicle. This  electrical electronic research project will consider the concept of using an LED ‘array’ that can be placed directly under the surface of the car, eliminating the need for the reflector. As an array only LEDs that provide light in the correct direction are to be lit –leading to the possibility of an ‘auto-levelling headlamp that maintains a level beam as the car goes over bumps in the road. The objective of this project is to investigate this technology and evaluate the potential for ‘auto-levelling’ using such an LED cluster. This project has an electrical aspect (switching / controlling the High brightness LEDs and a control aspect (the auto-levelling function) that can be analogue.

4) ‘New Shoe Wear-In’ System

Feet are very different but shoes are made in discrete sizes so invariably new shoes are uncomfortable for some time, until they have been worn-in. It is proposed here that a machine is made that measures the exact shape of a person’s foot, and in particular how it moves, then uses this information to ‘pre-stress’ a shoe – effectively wearing it in. Techniques to measure a foot and the way it moves will need to be identified and assessed. From this proposals for a generic machine to pre-stress a new shoe sufficient to make it comfortable but not to damage it (i.e. wear the shoe ‘in’ not ’out’). This electrical electronic research project should have a practical focus on either the measurement of a foot (to suit an electronic student) or on design of an electromechanical ‘shoe-stretcher’ (to suit an electrical student)

5) A Net-Transparent GUI for Instrument Control

The aim of this software project is to create a Graphical User Interface (GUI) for a multi-tasking Nuclear Magnetic Resonant (NMR) instrument. Both measured data and control input should be available both locally to the instrument and remotely over the web. Currently a text based control window exists, but it would be the purpose to create a GUI to enable a non-expert wither local as well as remote control of the instrument besides the display and logging of data.

During this project, you will be working in close collaboration with Lab-Tools (www.Lab-Tools.com) who will provide existing .net code for incrementally updating files over the web, which will need to be integrated within the above described GUI so that a remotely run GUI has the same functionality as the local GUI. The preferred language is the high-level array manipulation language Apl (AplX from MicroApl) that has built-in GUI creation abilities and talks directly to both .net and the field-programmable-gate-array (FPGA) based peripheral instruments over USB.

 6) Automatic Detection of Image Rotation & Correction

Humans, can turn their head and still manage to recognize all objects in their view without much difficulty. We seem to automatically deduce that the image is rotated from the direction the lights comes among other factors. When using a digital camera, then it is much harder to determine whether an image is rotated or not. Normally, one would make use of a reference to establish this information. In this project, we like to look at the image itself, the content and use this information to deduce whether the image is rotated and hence should be rotated back for normal vision.

7) Portable Colour Detector

When one currently is presented with a colour choice e.g. for painting, then the set of options are nearly endless. However, it also makes it harder to detect which particular options were chosen in the past, when e.g. looking for matching colours. When looking at the photographic world, screens would be calibrated to show exactly the colour they should be presenting. It would therefore be handy to design a portable device that can detect which particular colour was applied to a particular surface. Since the colour detection depends upon the surface the colour is applied to as well asl the light that falls onto it, some kind of calibration will be essential to make a good detection system. The colour detector could then also be applicable towards calibrating monitors for photographic work. The colour detector can be developed as a separate device, or as an app that fits a mobile platform.

8) Energy consumption measuring with low power, low cost sensors

Measuring is knowing. This particularly applies in the field of sustainability. Many people are not aware of their consumption patterns, and it is only when these are shown in hard numbers that they will face reality. Measuring accurately under a variety of conditions, with good accuracy and low cost are particular challenges in these circumstances.

e-Monitors is a company that focuses on measuring consumption of energy within different environments. They currently have a set of sensors available, but these are standard devices. The purpose is to use cheaper sensors without loosing accuracy, meanwhile it is also required to move towards lower overall power consumption. Some of the values that need to be measured are temperature, power consumption etc. all in a non invasive manner.

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About Syed Noman ud din

Syed Noman ud din is an Electrical Engineer and working in Industry from last 3 years. He writes technical articles for electrical and electronic engineers. He has also published several research publications in renowned international journals.

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